Boudhanath Stupa is the largest known as the holiest Tibetan Buddhist temple outside Tibet and is the largest stupa in Nepal. It is situated in a place called Boudha in the eastern part of Kathmandu. The stupa was built in the 14th century and it is said that it was built right after the passing of Buddha. There are various interesting legends about the construction of the stupa.
The Boudhanath stupa is decorated with pairs of eyes on the base of the tower on each wall representing awareness and the all-knowing nature of the Buddha. The stupa is built in in the shape of a mandala. During the earthquake in 2015, the stupa was damaged very badly but it has been fixed.
There are four DhyaniBuddhas marking the cardinal point and a fifth one in the center in the white hemisphere of the Stupa. These five represent the five elements i.e. earth, water, fire, air, and ether.
There are 9 levels of Boudhanath stupa representing the Mt. Meru and 13 rings from the base of the pinnacle representing the path to Enlightenment.
In the stupa, in place of the nose, there is a question mark which is also number 1 in Nepali writing. The sign represents unity which is one of the ways to enlightenment.
The Stupa is surrounded by streets and narrow alleys lined with colorful homes.
The most common and easiest way to go to Boudhanath is to hire a taxi. You can get a taxi from the airport or from Thamel to Boudhanath which will cost about 400 rupees. Tell the driver to take you to the main gate of Boudhanath Stupa.
Another way is to ride a bus or mini-van from Kathmandu to Chabahil which will cost only 15 – 20 rupees. From there you can easily walk to the stupa.