The Sagarmatha National Park (Sagarmatha Rashtriya Nikunj) is a protected area in the Himalayas of Nepal that is dominated by Mount Everest. The Sagarmatha National Park was established in 1976. Sagarmatha is full of rugged terrain with deep gorges, glaciers and huge rocks. With its Himalayan terrain and its unique culture, the park offers a blend of natural and cultural tourist products here. It encompasses an area of 1,148 km2 (443 sq mi) in the Solukhumbu District and ranges in elevation from 2,845 to 8,848 m (9,334 to 29,029 ft) to at the summit of Mount Everest. In 1979, it became the country’s first national park that was inscribed as a Natural World Heritage Site. It is largely composed of rugged terrain and gorges of the high Himalayas, ranging from 2,845 m (9,334 ft) at Monjo to the top of the world’s highest peak Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest) at 8,848 m (29,029 ft) above sea level. The forests provide habitat to at least 118 species of birds. Sagarmatha National Park is also home to a number of rare mammal species, including musk deer, snow leopard, Himalaya black bear, and red panda. Himalayan thars, langur, martens and Himalayan wolves are also found in the park. Trees such as rhododendron, birch, blue pine, juniper and silver fir are found up to an altitude of 4,000 meters above which they give way to scrub and alpine vegetation.
During spring and monsoon, the varieties of rhododendron flowers are seen. Some of the birds found here are impeyan pheasant (Danphe), blood pheasant, red-billed chough, yellow-billed chough, snow cock, snow pigeon, etc. The Sagarmatha National Park is a protected area in the Himalayas of eastern Nepal that is dominated by Mount Everest. It is the first national park to be enlisted inside the World Heritage Site. It features the world’s tallest peak, Mt. Everest along with several other renowned peaks like Lhotse, Cho Oyu, Pumori, Ama Dablam, Thamserku, Kwangde, etc. Declared a national park in 1976, Sagarmatha is famed not just for its sheer beauty, but also for its religious and cultural significance.
This national park also showcases the cultural trophies with the warm Sherpa Hospitality and its many monasteries and cultural landmarks. Mountain viewing is also one of the sources of attraction.
The world’s tallest peak, Mt. Everest along with several other renowned peaks
There is a variety of wildlife and over 118 species of birds. Wild Yak, Musk Deer, Red Panda, Snow Leopard, and Himalayan Black Bear are endangered animals found here.
Rich flora and fauna
The Himalayas form the northern border of Nepal and Kathmandu is approximately 65 km in a straight line distance from the border so, it is possible to get many fantastic views of the greater Himalayan range within a short driving distance from your hotel in Kathmandu.
Nepal offers excellent trekking option to visitors from the easy walking excursions to the strenuous climb of the snowy peaks. Trekking in Nepal is a big part of the ultimate Himalayan adventure and the majority of tourists have trekked in Nepal as a part of their itinerary.