The Makalu Barun National Park is the eighth national park in the Himalayas of Nepal and was established in 1992 as an eastern extension of the Sagarmatha National Park. Covering an area of 1,500 km2 (580 sq mi) in the districts of Solukhumbu and Sankhuwasabha it is the world’s only protected area with an elevation gain of more than 8,000 m (26,000 ft) enclosing tropical forest as well as snow-capped peaks. The buffer zone adjacent to the park’s southern and southeastern border covers an area of 830 km2 (320 sq mi).
The Makalu Barun National Park exhibits a high diversity of forest types that are characteristic for the Eastern Himalayas, ranging from near-tropical dipterocarp monsoon forest on 400 m (1,300 ft) altitude to subalpine coniferious stands on 4,000 m (13,000 ft) altitude. The protected area is habitat for a wide diversity of faunal species. There are 315 species of butterflies, 43 species of reptile and 16 species of amphibians. 78 species of fish inhabit the many ponds, lakes, and rivers. Ornithologists have recorded 440 bird species, ranging from eagles and other raptors to white-necked storks and brilliantly colored sunbirds.
The 88 species of mammals include snow leopard, Indian leopard, clouded leopard, jungle cat, leopard cat, golden jackal, etc. Rare species of animals and plants flourish in diverse climates and habitats, relatively undisturbed by human kind. The national park accommodates the fifth highest mountain of the world, Makalu standing proudly at the height of 8,463m along with Chamalang (7,319m), Baruntse (7,129m) and Mera (6,654m) peaks. A new park management approach encourages local people to become actively involved in protecting the forests and natural resources upon which their lives depend, and conserving their own rich cultural heritage.
Makalu Barun National Park and Conservation Area is a true heaven for the nature lovers who enjoy indulging themselves in bird-watching, observation of wildlife and camping. The majority belongs to various tribes of Rais and practice an ancient religion which reinforces harmony with nature.
Makalu-Barun Valley is going to be one of the most amazing treks in Nepal and the travelers will certainly have their life experience during this. You could also trek to the national park and conservation area and the trekkers are allowed to camp on the seven campsites designated along the trek route for the tourist.
There are daily flights to Tumlingtar from Kathmandu and Biratnagar to Tumlingtar could also be reached from Biratnagar/Dharan. It is a 6/7 hrs drive to Hile and 3-day trek to Tumlingtar from there. You can also reach Inkhu valley of Makalu Barun from Lukia and Phalpu. There is a regular flight from Kathmandu to Tumlingtar. Fly from Kathmandu to either Lukla, Phaplu, Lamidanda, Bhojpur and Tumlingtar airstrips, and then trek to reach the park.